EXCEPTIONS TO THE RULES
At least since Homer Plessy fought Southern train car segregation by taking a seat on a “whites only” train, there has been an ongoing for consumer civil rights in America. Since Mr. Plessy unsuccessfully challenged racial segregation near the turn of the century, both federal and state laws have been passed to protect equal rights and justice in the provision of goods and services. Federally, the U.S. Constitution and Section 1983 of U.S. Code protect these equal rights. In the California, the Unruh Civil Rights Act prohibits any business establishment from engaging in status-based discriminating, while California’s Bane Act prevents threats, intimidation, or coercion against a person who seeks to exercise these rights.